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Folk poem.. documenting life

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The folk poem in the Emirates has multiple roles and manifestations, besides that it achieves an auditory and intellectual pleasure for the recipient with the beauty of words and expressive images, it also has a role in documenting the vocabulary of life, environment and nature, and protecting the language, given that popular poetry is the son of the environment in which he grew up, and the outcome of what the poet acquired from That environment, it reflects the life of society, and penetrates to its depths.

stature and importance

In this context, the poet Sheikha Juma’a, nicknamed “Al-Hasaba”, mentioned the status and importance of poetry in the cultural system of the state, and the role of poets, saying, “The poet is the son of his environment, and he is the true translator and transmitter of the cultural and heritage heritage of the environment to which he belongs, and since every society has its original vocabulary that He is proud that it distinguishes him from others, for it is better for the poet to be entrusted with this task, and to make it his first case, because the poets’ words remain in the memory of generations, immortalized by history. And future generations learn from it, especially when we are in the era of an accelerating world, technology, and openness to other cultures, including their cultures. Therefore, it is necessary for everyone related to customs, traditions and heritage to make an effort to preserve this heritage, which the founder, Zayed said. , may God rest his soul, “There is no present who has no past.” Our past is authentic, with its original vocabulary, which poets must employ in their poems for future generations, so as not to lose our identity.

In her speech, the poet touched on the experience of the first generation poets, and how they contributed through their poems to preserving the heritage, she said: “The first poets never used any word outside the scope of their environment. And even the generation of Salem Al-Jamri, Rashid Al-Khidr, Rabie bin Yaqout, Ali Bu Rahma, Rashid Tanaf and many others. Then a generation followed them and followed their path, such as Rashid Sharar and others. We are now in the time of the new generation, where it is trying to introduce strange vocabulary to our dialect, and its argument is a matter of renewal. And he does not know that this is the identity of a homeland, which must be preserved.”

The language of poetry

The poet Hanadi Al-Mansoori said: “The poem is the daughter of time, and it changes since the beginning of its codification in poetic human history, starting from the pre-Islamic era to the present day. Imagine that the language of the poet who wrote the poem in the sixties is equal to the language of one of his poets’ grandsons, for example.” She adds, “In the forties, fifties and sixties, we have almost one generation in its poetic vocabulary, but from the seventies to the present day, you cannot find a Nabatean poem that is completely similar in its weight and vocabulary, with the vocabulary of the generation that precedes it. There is a wonderful group of poets who write poetry, according to the old local school of Nabati poetry, but it is an acquired approach. The local vocabulary has differed, and many vocabulary mixed with it, according to the origins of the poet. The word he used to speak in the poem he will write, this change is necessary, and I very much believe that the poetic vocabulary changes over time, and it is not possible to describe any change that occurs in the local poem as sabotage. The poem is the daughter of time, and the tongue of those who live in every era. Among the poets who still write in the local vocabulary, who keep reading old poems, and who are influenced by the old Emirati schools of poetry are many, I am proud to list their names here.”

vast literature

The researcher in Emirati heritage and literature, Rashid Al-Mazrouei, deals with the concept of poetry, saying, “Popular poetry is known as that vast literature in classes that are usually called “people or the public.” It uses the plain or semi-classical local language full of colloquial expressions. He is the son of the environment in which he grows up, and the outcome of what individuals have gained from that environment, and he is the one who depicts the life of society, and penetrates into its depths. He adds, “The image of popular poetry is more inclined to describe the truth, or to express praise, love, sadness, pain and hopes. It is also linked to customs and traditions. Therefore, reading the text in folk poetry was of great importance, as reading in its contents finds unlimited pleasure. Rather, the more we search in its depths, we discover the dynamism of creativity, and the extent of the ability of this poetic production to expand and form. Therefore, the place has been closely related to this folk poetry since antiquity, as it is the incubator of human existence throughout the ages.

The formation of the place is one of the important elements in the literary text. Our folk poetry has been distinguished since ancient times, being spatial poetry, in its connection with the environment that produced it, and the human being who created it. Aesthetics, whether describing nature, desert, or monuments.

The direct link to the place, through it, the poet recalls his memories, days and positions. This image of the poetic place represented paintings, transmitted with precision and mastery, about the environment in which he lives. A good example of this is the poems of the wise Emirates poet, who lived 400 years ago, the poet Al-Majidi bin Dhaher, as well as the poet Muhin Al Shamsi, Yuehr Al Sayegh, Saeed bin Ateej Al Hamli and others.

As for the modern folk poetry in the Emirates, many places were mentioned, which were closely related to the experiences of the Emirati poets, as they took the place in a wide range of their poetry, and dealt with the smallest details of these places they lived.

Experiments

Researcher Rashid Al Mazrouei reviews a number of experiences that became famous in the Emirates. It is a poem by the poet Salem Al-Jamri, may God have mercy on him, and the artist Ali Balrougha sang it. This sung poem was filled with many spatial names for many places and regions in the land of the United Arab Emirates.

Poem title (from my conscience)

It is one of the poems of the late poet Salem bin Muhammad Al-Jamri. It was sung by the artist Ali Bin Rogha in 1968, and it is considered one of his most famous songs, and is one of the first popular songs that made him famous, as the first popular artist in the Emirates.

The beginning of this song says:

From my conscience, the house of the proverbial wheel

I saw an antelope, O Mullah, like no other

….::…

When he turns to places, he says:

I wish I was paralyzed and stood up and went

In my pocket plans like no other

Narrative of a trip

Al-Mazrouei points out that the poem is an imaginary flirtation, in which the poet al-Jamri recounts his journey, following the old car trail, which descends from the Umm al-Quwain desert in the south, towards Falaj al-Mualla. This was an ancient caravan route. It was also a route for the civilizations coming from Hamriyah, the northern regions of Sharjah, and Umm Al Quwain, to the oases and the interior regions of the country, or transiting through it to the oasis of Al Ain and Al Batinah in the Sultanate of Oman. The poet crosses, in his jeep, and enumerates the places he passed by, and they represented areas known to him, he had passed through before, and he knew their people, and he had memories in them, which might have made him remember them in that poem. He passes over them, and mentions their names, region by region, and place by place, until he reaches the Al-Ain region.

Therefore, we see here that the immortalization of place names in folk poems, was and still is one of the important basics in the study of geospatial. The reason for this is due to the documentation of these places by folk poets in their poems. This applies to most poets, wherever they are. Here, in the Emirates, we have a great record of spatial nomenclature that we gleaned from the poems of our folk poets since ancient times. Thus, it becomes clear to us the importance of poetry in preserving the spatial vocabulary, in addition to other colloquial vocabulary.

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