New negotiations to demarcate the maritime borders between Beirut and Tel Aviv... Will they succeed?

New negotiations to demarcate the maritime borders between Beirut and Tel Aviv… Will they succeed?

The Israeli side had announced that the Greek ship designated for drilling and extraction was stationed at a distance of kilometers south of the Karish field, and that its work would be limited to beyond the 29th line that Lebanon is negotiating with, which was interpreted as a commitment to the controls of negotiation, as well as to the controls of international law, which considers Line 23 to be the maximum limits for the rights of Lebanon, based on an official Lebanese document approved by the United Nations.

US State Department regional spokeswoman, Geraldine Griffiths, said:"Sky News Arabia"The US State Department issued a statement regarding the visit "Hochstein" To Lebanon regarding the file demarcation of the maritime border with Israel.

The State Department said that Amos Hochstein, the Special Presidential Coordinator for the Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment, left for Beirut to discuss sustainable solutions to Lebanon’s energy crisis, including the Biden administration’s commitment to facilitating negotiations between Lebanon and Israel on the maritime border.

She stressed that "A solution to this crisis is necessary and possible, but it can only be achieved through negotiations and diplomacy".

Hochstein said in statements to reporters, after his participation in the tripartite meeting in Lebanon: "I remain optimistic that we will make continued progress as we have done over the past weeks, and I look forward to returning to the region and being able to proceed with the final arrangements.".

The last five rounds of indirect negotiations between the Lebanese and Israeli delegations took place under Decree 6433 of 2011, which defined Lebanese rights in the disputed maritime areas with an area of ​​860 square kilometers, according to the maps Lebanon handed over to the United Nations in New York at the time.

But the Lebanese military delegation later demanded that 1,430 square kilometers be added to the aforementioned area because of "Inaccuracy of old maps"This led to a halt in negotiations in May 2021, he said.

new offer
An Israeli official told the agency "AFP"The American mediator holds an Israeli offer that considers "concession to both parties"and allows Lebanon to develop "Kana field" in the disputed area while preserving Israel’s economic interests.

Prior to meeting with the US envoy, he said "help" that "The goal of the negotiations is to preserve Lebanon’s rights and, through cooperation with the American mediator, to reach conclusions that protect our rights and wealth, and upon the conclusion of the negotiations, an opportunity to restore the economic situation in the country will be achieved.".

For her part, the American expert on security and strategic affairs, Irina Zuckerman, told "Sky News Arabia"The US envoy hopes to achieve a breakthrough in the course of the border demarcation crisis between Beirut and Tel Aviv. Therefore, during his stay in Lebanon, he met with Energy Minister Walid Fayyad, then with President Michel Aoun and Prime Minister Najib Mikati; To discuss the offshore area in question which has an area of ​​about 860 km in the Mediterranean and is believed to contain huge reserves of natural gas.

She indicated "Tuskerman" to it "It is unclear to what extent the Lebanese Hezbollah can be included in the ongoing negotiations, and whether it will agree to any possible agreement between the two sides, or seek to sabotage it.".

In conjunction with a visit "Hochstein"Hezbollah published a video, saying that it monitors a gas extraction platform off the Israeli coast and other ships linked to the oil and gas sector on two different dates.

And Hezbollah had previously sent unarmed marches towards the Karish field, and the Israeli army intercepted them, last July.

The American expert in strategic affairs explained that "Israel retains sovereignty over the Karish gas field and seeks to develop it while trying to position itself as a supplier of natural gas to Europe, as it sees this move as having not only significant economic consequences, but also strategic importance.".

She said: "But the mixed signals, whether optimism on the part of Lebanese officials on the one hand, and threats from Hezbollah on the other, make it difficult to predict the direction of the negotiations or whether this is a coordinated strategy to push Israel into greater concessions.".

This is the view of the Lebanese Foreign Minister, Abdullah Bou Habib, who said that there has been tremendous progress in the negotiations, adding: "The Lebanese position is unified, and the American envoy noticed that".

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“Hochstein” participated in a meeting held by the President of the Lebanese Republic, Michel Aoun, with Parliament Speaker Nabih Berri and Prime Minister-designate Najib Mikati at the presidential palace; To discuss the unified Lebanese position on the maritime border demarcation negotiations with Tel Aviv.

And last June, the perilous tension on both sides of the border increased, after the arrival of the Greek ship “Energan Power” to the Karish field, located at Line 29, which is on the agenda of indirect negotiations between Lebanon and Israel.

The Israeli side had announced that the Greek ship designated for drilling and extraction was stationed at a distance of kilometers south of the Karish field, and that its work would be limited to beyond the 29th line that Lebanon is negotiating with, which was interpreted as a commitment to the controls of negotiation, as well as to the controls of international law, which considers Line 23 to be the maximum limits for the rights of Lebanon, based on an official Lebanese document approved by the United Nations.

The US State Department’s regional spokeswoman, Geraldine Griffiths, told “Sky News Arabia” that the US State Department issued a statement regarding Hochstein’s visit to Lebanon regarding the file demarcation of the maritime border with Israel.

The State Department said that Amos Hochstein, the Special Presidential Coordinator for the Partnership for Global Infrastructure and Investment, left for Beirut to discuss sustainable solutions to Lebanon’s energy crisis, including the Biden administration’s commitment to facilitating negotiations between Lebanon and Israel on the maritime border.

She stressed that “reaching a solution to this crisis is necessary and possible, but it can only be achieved through negotiations and diplomacy.”

“I remain optimistic about continuous progress, as we have done over the past weeks, and I look forward to returning to the region and being able to proceed with the final arrangements,” Hochstein said in statements to reporters, after his participation in the tripartite meeting in Lebanon.

The last five rounds of indirect negotiations between the Lebanese and Israeli delegations took place under Decree 6433 of 2011, which defined Lebanese rights in the disputed maritime areas with an area of ​​860 square kilometers, according to the maps Lebanon handed over to the United Nations in New York at the time.

However, the Lebanese military delegation later demanded that 1,430 square kilometers be added to the aforementioned area due to the “inaccuracy of the old maps,” he said, which led to a halt in negotiations in May 2021.

new offer
An Israeli official told AFP that the US mediator carried an Israeli offer that would be considered a “concession for the two sides”, which would allow Lebanon to develop the “Qana field” in the disputed area while preserving Israel’s economic interests.

Prior to the meeting with the US envoy, Aoun said, “The goal of the negotiations is to preserve Lebanon’s rights and to reach, through cooperation with the American mediator, conclusions that protect our rights and wealth, and to achieve, upon the conclusion of the negotiations, an opportunity to restore the economic situation in the country.”

For her part, the American expert on security and strategic affairs, Irina Zuckerman, told “Sky News Arabia” that the American envoy hopes to achieve a breakthrough in the course of the border demarcation crisis between Beirut and Tel Aviv, and therefore he met during his stay in Lebanon with Energy Minister Walid Fayyad. , then with President Michel Aoun and Prime Minister Najib Mikati; To discuss the offshore area in question which has an area of ​​about 860 km in the Mediterranean and is believed to contain huge reserves of natural gas.

Tuskerman indicated that “it is not clear to what extent the Lebanese Hezbollah can be included in the ongoing negotiations, and whether it will agree to any possible agreement between the two sides, or seek to sabotage it.”

In conjunction with Hochstein’s visit, Hezbollah published a video, saying that it monitors a gas extraction platform off the Israeli coast and other ships associated with the oil and gas sector on two different dates.

And Hezbollah had previously sent unarmed marches towards the Karish field, and the Israeli army intercepted them, last July.

The American expert in strategic affairs explained that “Israel retains sovereignty over the Karish gas field and seeks to develop it at a time when it is trying to position itself as a supplier of natural gas to Europe, as it sees that this step has not only great economic consequences, but also strategic importance.”

“But the mixed signals, whether optimism on the part of Lebanese officials on the one hand, and threats from Hezbollah on the other, make it difficult to predict the direction of the negotiations or whether this is a coordinated strategy to push Israel into greater concessions,” she said.

This is the view of the Lebanese Foreign Minister, Abdullah Bou Habib, who said that there is tremendous progress in the negotiations, adding: “The Lebanese position is unified, and the American envoy noticed that.”


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