One of the most famous educational curricula that has met with success in raising children around the world is the Montessori method, for its ease of learning, whether by reading or attending specialized education courses, and surprisingly, it begins as soon as birth and until your child reaches eighteen, and some reach it beyond twenty. Montessori is a method created and presented by Maria Montessori, the first Italian woman to become a doctor.
Raising children the Montessori way
The Montessori method is based on learning through observation and experiment, and allows the child to choose what he likes to learn, so you are the first educational tool for your child, and the following steps summarize the most important steps you need to start the Montessori educational curriculum:
1 – Teach him different activities at home
That is, do not make him depend on you for everything. Start by teaching him the easy activities until you reach the more difficult, such as teaching him to wipe his hands first with a tissue, then wash his hands with soap and water, and then wash a cup or plate according to his age.
2 – Teach him by tradition
That is, make the thing in front of him, but slowly so that he sees and learns. Have him help you arrange his room from the middle of the second year, when he is a year and a half old. Make a place for everything, a toy box, a wardrobe, a shoe board or a closet for it. And ask him to put it in its places.
3- Teach him to stay away from dangers
For example, he stays away from the stove or hot cups after feeling the heat, as well as the electrical sockets by seeing you as if you were in pain, for example, and so on.
4- Establish a daily routine for him
This helps him to learn faster, arranging his thoughts and his day (considered appropriate in this way). And if you notice that the child is interested in adult activities instead of playing and coloring, bring him, for example, a small plastic dish to wash, or toys that resemble adult activities, such as a washing machine or a vacuum cleaner and others.
5- Let him help you carry things
Once your child is a year old, allow him to carry some things as if to help him, even if they seem a little heavy for him, this helps him strengthen his muscles, but in an appropriate amount of course.
6- Ask him to hand you some things
After he turns one year old, send him something to his grandfather in the second room, or have him hand you clothespins while you’re posting, for example. Once he’s two years old, you can teach him to count the numbers when handling the clothespins by repeating them in front of him.
7- Teach him the colors by repeating them in front of him
Make each week a color, and point it out on learning cards, stories, or on things around you at home and on the street. After the second year, teach him to color, bring two coloring books, one for him and the other for you, and start coloring with him, and teach him how to hold the pen and paint inside the line.
8- Have him help you after completing the second year in folding the laundry
And that is by giving him the small pieces, to fold them like small towels and some of his clothes. Help your child learn to dress, by letting him watch you get dressed while talking to him, then ask him to imitate you. Start with easy-to-wear clothes that don’t have buttons or ties and then the more difficult, and you don’t mind giving him some help at first.
9 – Teach him to welcome guests
And that is by welcoming your relatives, such as the child’s aunts, aunts or grandparents. Repeat it in front of him more than once, and then encourage him to receive guests like you later.
10- Ask him to clean up what caused his dirt
Like wiping juice when it falls to the floor, teach him how to hold things with both hands and hold in front of him that way, and ask him to put things back. For example, you would sit him with you in the kitchen and give him some simple tasks, such as picking molokhia sticks or catching a piece of dough and imitating it. But do not allow him to use the knife before the age of seven and in your sight, provided that the knife is not offensive, and this also applies to the use of the oven.
11 – Teach your child to brush his teeth
And that by the time he reached the age of two, in addition to combing his hair by himself, and from the age of three, teach him to shower and enter the bathroom alone before he goes to school, but be with him always, especially in the shower until the age of seven or eight, but without your interference in scrubbing his body and washing his hair .
12 – Explain to him the information when shopping
When you take him shopping, explain to him where the milk and cheese come from, and ask him to give the money to the seller, and when he reaches the age of six or seven, ask him to buy things and do the calculation himself, by paying the seller and calculating the required amount and the rest under your supervision and without your intervention.
13 – Give your child a personal allowance
This is as soon as he reaches school age at the age of five or six, and teach him to save, and make plans to implement it with his own money.
Learn more: Teaching a child to be satisfied with what he has
14 – Play some mental and motor games with him
And let the mental games in particular be a competition between family members or some other games such as chess or jigsaw puzzle, and kinesthetics such as walking or running together, or participating in swimming lessons for mothers and their children, or listening to music and dancing.
15 – Set a fixed bedtime
And stick to a daily bedtime ritual such as a glass of milk an hour before going to bed, then brushing your teeth and going to the bathroom. Talk to him about the day, whether your day or his day, and exchange knowledge of what made you happy or upset you, this teaches him communication and dialogue and builds friendship between you, as soon as he reaches the second, make this weather an essential part of your day.
16 – Agree with him on plans for the next day
And this is before reading the bedtime story, and accustom him to sleep in his own room alone, leave him a dim light and do not wait for him to fall asleep. Do not allow your child to watch TV or play on tablets for more than an hour a day in total, and do not leave it in front of it right before bed, but should stay away from it at least two hours before bed.
Tips for preparing your home according to the Montessori method
1 – Use low shelves that are easy for your child to reach, and teach him to be careful in using tools and their susceptibility to damage and breakage, and teach him that everything has a specific place.
2 – Use small tables and chairs, as they help your child learn, as it is easy for him to move and move them from one room to another without your help, and this teaches him independence.
3 – Use baskets and small storage units that are easy to carry and light in weight, and assign each activity a special box of a specific color, so that the child can know it and put it back in its place.
4 – Buy him small utensils that he can hold, such as cups, small plates, jugs and measuring spoons, which qualifies him to learn writing and arithmetic later, for example, allow him to use measuring spoons to fill legumes such as lentils or beans in a bowl.
5- Dedicate a corner where you put materials from nature, to teach your child to differentiate between the textures of things, their sizes and colors, and to teach him that the nature surrounding him, these materials vary according to the seasons of the year, and they can be real or miniature figures, such as flowers, plants, or miniature animals.
6 – Recycle things in your home that can be used as learning tools, such as empty kitchen jars, spoons, and small plastic cans.
Learn more: Teaching numbers for children from 1 to 20
Note from «Madam Net»: Before applying this recipe or this treatment, you should consult a specialist doctor
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