The Sudanese are close to agreeing on a constitutional framework for the transitional period

The Sudanese are close to agreeing on a constitutional framework for the transitional period

The draft constitutional framework set out the tasks of the transitional period in reviewing the Juba Peace Agreement signed in October 2020 in order to reach a just peace that includes all non-signatory movements.

It also stipulated the reform of the judicial apparatus and the achievement of transitional justice, while ensuring no impunity, the dismantling of the Brotherhood regime and the recovery of public funds looted during their thirty-year rule.

On the economic side, the initial principles stipulated taking appropriate measures to stop the economic deterioration, improve living life, fight corruption and enhance transparency.

Define transition period

The views of the participants agreed on a transitional period of no more than two years during which the previous items would be implemented, in addition to the establishment of a constitutional conference to come up with a permanent constitution for the country and to make the necessary arrangements for holding free and fair elections at the end of the transitional period in which the levels of government will consist of a Legislative Council, a Sovereignty Council and a Council of Ministers, in addition to A number of independent commissions.

The confrontations with the transitional constitution defined the tasks of the military institution in defending the sovereignty and protecting the country’s borders, protecting the transitional constitution, implementing the state’s military and illiteracy policies, and implementing policies related to security and military reform, according to a plan agreed upon by all parties. It also stipulated the subordination of the police and security apparatus to the executive authority that The Prime Minister shall be its supreme commander.

Ali Qayloub, head of the steering committee of the Sudanese Bar Association, confirmed that the discussions of the discussion session were characterized by high professionalism. He pointed out that it dealt with all the topics that need to be included in the transitional constitution.

Qilob told the site "Sky News Arabia"The final draft of the project will be presented for an extensive discussion that includes all forces seeking to achieve civil transformation.

In the same context, journalist Amr Shaaban said that the draft transitional constitution indicates that the forces of freedom and change have seen in one way or another the totality of charters or drafts put forward by the resistance committees that lead the current movement in the street, whether in the charter for the establishment of the people’s authority or in the revolutionary charter for the authority of the people. .

Shaaban said to the site "Sky News Arabia"It is clear that the recommendations revolve in the orbit of the subscribers, which is a positive thing that creates a kind of theoretical convergence at the minimum.

Shaaban also points out that the recommendations focused on covering the gaps that existed in the constitutional document signed in August 2019; That is, 4 months after the fall of the Brotherhood regime in April 2019.

Shaaban points out that although the draft transitional constitution established a practical break with the idea of ​​partnership between civilians and the military, it entrusted the army with the task of implementing its reforms and established a special status for the security and military institutions, by placing them in a structure that gives them privacy, a matter that remains rejected by a large section of the Sudanese street; As he put it.

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The recommendations come based on a proposal for a constitutional declaration submitted by the Forces of Freedom and Change (Central Council), while informed sources told Sky News Arabia that its texts are based on essential points contained in three charters prepared by the “resistance committees” in a number of regions of the country a few months ago. .

These developments coincide with increasing speculation that the Sovereignty Council may be dissolved, the formation of a higher defense and security council, and the selection of a prime minister to lead the transitional government as a solution to the deepening crisis that the country has been experiencing for nearly nine months.

But the “troika” group consisting of Norway, the United Kingdom and the United States said, in a statement, that it will not deal with any government that is formed in Sudan without the consent of the political forces active in the street.

Shehab al-Tayeb, the official spokesman for the Sudanese Alliance, a member of the Forces for Freedom and Change – the Central Council, explained that the expected constitutional declaration will form a framework for the transitional period.

Al-Tayeb told “Sky News Arabia” that the announcement will be put forward for consultation with the resistance committees and political forces to achieve the greatest degree of consensus.

Arrangements details

In accordance with the recommendations of the panel discussion, a committee will be formed from the Sudanese Bar Association to draft the transitional constitutional framework whose primary principles are the respect and management of diversity; And that the rights and duties are based on equal citizenship without discrimination.

It also provided for parliamentary authority, a review of laws in line with the transitional constitution and international agreements ratified by Sudan, and a commitment to the separation of powers and the rule of law.

The draft constitutional framework set out the tasks of the transitional period in reviewing the Juba Peace Agreement signed in October 2020 in order to reach a just peace that includes all non-signatory movements.

It also stipulated the reform of the judicial apparatus and the achievement of transitional justice, while ensuring no impunity, the dismantling of the Brotherhood regime and the recovery of public funds looted during their thirty-year rule.

On the economic side, the initial principles stipulated taking appropriate measures to stop the economic deterioration, improve living life, fight corruption and enhance transparency.

Define transition period

The views of the participants agreed on a transitional period of no more than two years during which the previous items would be implemented, in addition to the establishment of a constitutional conference to come up with a permanent constitution for the country and to make the necessary arrangements for holding free and fair elections at the end of the transitional period in which the levels of government will consist of a Legislative Council, a Sovereignty Council and a Council of Ministers, in addition to A number of independent commissions.

The confrontations with the transitional constitution defined the tasks of the military institution in defending the sovereignty and protecting the country’s borders, protecting the transitional constitution, implementing the state’s military and illiteracy policies, and implementing policies related to security and military reform, according to a plan agreed upon by all parties. It also stipulated the subordination of the police and security apparatus to the executive authority that The Prime Minister shall be its supreme commander.

Ali Qayloub, head of the steering committee of the Sudanese Bar Association, confirmed that the discussions of the discussion session were characterized by high professionalism. He pointed out that it dealt with all the topics that need to be included in the transitional constitution.

Qilub told “Sky News Arabia” that the final draft of the project will be presented for an extensive discussion that includes all forces seeking to achieve civil transformation.

In the same context, journalist Amr Shaaban said that the draft transitional constitution indicates that the forces of freedom and change have seen in one way or another the totality of charters or drafts put forward by the resistance committees that lead the current movement in the street, whether in the charter for establishing the authority of the people or in the revolutionary charter for the authority of the people. .

Shaaban told “Sky News Arabia”, that it is clear that the recommendations revolve in the orbit of the subscribers, which is a positive thing that creates a kind of theoretical rapprochement at the minimum.

Shaaban also points out that the recommendations focused on covering the loopholes that existed in the constitutional document signed in August 2019; That is, 4 months after the fall of the Brotherhood regime in April 2019.

Shaaban points out that although the draft transitional constitution established a practical break with the idea of ​​partnership between civilians and the military, it entrusted the army with the task of implementing its reforms and established a special status for the security and military institutions, by placing them in a structure that gives them privacy, a matter that remains rejected by a large section of the Sudanese street; As he put it.


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