وزير الخارجية الإيراني يعزي الرئيس الإماراتي الشيخ محمد بن زايد آل نهيان في وفاة رئيس الدولة الشيخ خليفة بن زايد آل نهيان

The United States comments on the UAE’s return of its ambassador to Tehran

The details of the official agenda of the El Alamein Summit, which will be attended by the leaders of Egypt, Jordan, Bahrain, the Emirates and Iraq in the El Alamein area in Matrouh Governorate in Egypt, are not yet clear, but the initial official statements of Iraq and Egypt indicated that the summit will discuss topics such as “such as the Palestinian issue, the situation in Yemen and Libya, As well as discussing the consequences of the Russian-Ukrainian war on the region,” according to an Egyptian statement, and “regional security, joint cooperation, and industrial integration,” according to an Iraqi statement.

The Emirates, Jordan and Bahrain were satisfied with announcing the arrival of their leaders to the summit without presenting the files that will be discussed.

This is the first official visit of Mohamed bin Zayed to Egypt after his inauguration as President of the UAE in May.

Leaders of the five countries during a fireworks display on the occasion of the opening of the Regal Heights Hotel in El Alamein

Experts spoke to Al-Hurra website that the challenges facing the region, especially food security, may be at the forefront of the files discussed at the summit.

Agence France-Presse expected that food and water security would be among the issues to be discussed at the summit.

The head of the Jordanian Association for Political Science, Khaled Shneikat, said that “the challenges facing the countries of the region are common challenges, whether with regard to security or Jordan’s agenda regarding the Palestinian issue, and therefore joint cooperation between countries constitutes an entry point for solving and confronting these challenges, which are strong and dangerous and cannot A country alone can solve it.

Shnekat added to Al-Hurra website that “Jordan is expected to raise the issue of security, the Palestinian cause, perhaps trade, strengthening inter-state relations, and the issue of food security, which has increased in importance after the Russian invasion of Ukraine.”

“The challenges are growing and they are related to the national security of these countries” and other countries such as Libya and Yemen, says Schnekat.

He links the current summit with the tripartite summit that brought together Jordan, Egypt and Iraq, where he says that the huge projects discussed at that summit, such as the Iraqi oil pipeline to Egypt via Jordan, all need more coordination.

The Egyptian and Iraqi leaders during the official reception

The Egyptian and Iraqi leaders during the official reception

Former Jordanian MP Hayel and Daan Al-Daajah said, “What King Abdullah II was recently saying about the meetings that the Arab arena will witness and will be held between Arab leaders reflects the existence of developments and transformations in the Arab scene based on self-reliance in the face of regional challenges and risks. that threaten it by finding solutions on its own, rather than relying on others.”

The leaders of Iraq, Egypt and Jordan have met several times over the past years, and the first tripartite meeting between the leaders was held in 2019.

Al-Daajah added to Al-Hurra that he expected that the issues of food security, energy and inflation, in addition to the file of the Palestinian issue, would be present on the agenda of the summit. Infrastructure and the consequent costly financial file in a country that suffers from very difficult financial, economic and social conditions,” according to the former deputy.

He said that the five-year summit may push to create the appropriate conditions for the Arab countries by “thinking about finding a state of balance with the regional powers in the region, such as Turkey, Iran and Israel, and giving themselves a margin of movement, maneuvering and broader freedom in their relations with international parties through diversity in their alliances, relations and sources.” arming them, and exploiting the atmosphere of global competition between America, Russia and China for global leadership, which may be one of the most important results of the Russian-Ukrainian war, prompting Arab countries to think about rearranging their accounts and priorities.

A statement by the Iraqi government said that the summit will discuss a range of issues of interest to the region, including joint cooperation, industrial integration, energy files, investment, and climate change.

The Iraqi political analyst, Muhammad Nana`, says that the summit is a continuation of previous meetings that were established from the end of 2019.

Naa’a adds that this is “the sixth meeting, and they are founding meetings that have not yet produced a full announcement.”

He added to Al-Hurra that “the establishment was through Egypt, Iraq and Jordan, and now it seems that the UAE and Bahrain have joined the group.”

Nanaa believes that Iraq focuses on two main files, the first of which is the file of terrorism and terrorist groups, as “these countries were either groups of terrorists or funding for them was launched from those countries,” he says, adding that “Iraq is making very great progress with the two intelligence services in Egypt.” And Jordan was able to kill many terrorists in cooperation with these two agencies.”

Leaders of five Arab countries gathered... Five-year summit in Egypt

Leaders of five Arab countries gathered… Five-year summit in Egypt

As for the second issue with regard to Iraq, according to Mint, it is to achieve a balance with Iranian and Turkish influence in Iraq, and this is “important for the Arabs to fill it, given that they have rivalries with Turkish and Iranian influence.”

Nanaa says that it is important for Iraq to balance these influences and not to “replace one influence with another.”

The Egyptian president accompanied the leaders of the visiting countries to inaugurate economic projects in the El Alamein region, including the opening of an investment hotel.

Member of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, Ayman Salama, said that the summit aims to “achieve economic and human security for the peoples and countries of the Arab region, whether it is all Arab countries or the five countries that participate in the El Alamein Summit, and to secure the foundations and foundations of common Arab security.”

Salameh also told Al-Hurra that there is “the new integrated industrial partnership mechanism for sustainable economic development in which the five countries participate is the irrefutable evidence of the effective mechanisms”, and not “slogans and claims” and others, and it is “one of the mechanisms for securing Arab national security in the end.” .

He said that the summit “reinforces the pillars of Arab national security” in a real way, and faces the current “national and international challenges” and the formation of a compatible Arab format towards global issues related to regional security at the Arab summit that will be hosted by Algeria, and “the five countries will unify their positions and visions regarding the summit agenda.” .

He added that the repercussions of the Ukrainian war, especially with regard to energy and food, are one of the axes that the leaders will address “to mitigate the catastrophic negative effects of the repercussions of the Ukrainian war.” They will call on the Iraqi factions to renounce sedition and commit to dialogue.”

He said the leaders would support Egyptian efforts for a ceasefire in Gaza, as well as Egypt and Sudan regarding the dispute over the Renaissance Dam.

With this, Salama said that he does not see that “the data will provide any fruits regarding the Renaissance Dam, but joint mechanisms must be developed to urge Ethiopia to pay attention and show goodwill in the legitimate demands of Egypt and Sudan.”

This summit was preceded by other meetings of Arab leaders.

Last March, Sisi held a tripartite meeting with Mohammed bin Zayed, the Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi, at the time, and former Israeli Prime Minister, Naftali Bennett, in the resort of Sharm el-Sheikh, on the repercussions of the war in Ukraine.

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