In an unprecedented historical event in 7 decades, Charles III was officially declared King of Britain, yesterday, Saturday, during a unique and grandiose historical ceremony, some of whose rules date back to several centuries. Charles automatically became king when his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, died on Thursday, but this ceremony is an essential constitutional and honorary step in introducing the new monarch to the country. Coronation ceremonies were held in the United Kingdom for the first time since 1952, when Queen Elizabeth II assumed the throne.
St James’s Royal Palace
Before Charles’ arrival, he found at the ceremony at St James’s Palace, the royal residence in London, the Throne Council, made up of senior politicians and officials advising the king. After a short meeting, the council declared, “Prince Charles Philip Arthur George is now, on the death of Her Majesty, our King Charles III, God save the King,” before it was signed by officials. The assembled members of the council chanted the phrase, “May the Lord preserve the king.” His son and heir to the throne, William, consort of King Camilla and the new prime minister, Liz Terrace, were among those who signed the statement.
Official oath and signatures
King Charles later joined the gathering with hundreds of council members including the Prime Minister, Liz Terrace, all her ancestors and Charles’s wife, Camilla, and his eldest son, Crown Prince William. Charles performed a series of oaths, declarations and formal signings. Then he gave a brief speech in which he said, “I am fully aware of this great legacy and the grave duties and responsibilities of the Sovereignty that has now passed to me.”
Speaking of his personal grief, he said: “I know how much you and the entire nation, and I believe the whole world, sympathize with me in this irreparable loss that we have all suffered.” He added, “I know that I will be surrounded by the affection and loyalty of the peoples who were called to be at the head of their countries.” In assuming these responsibilities, I will strive to follow the inspiring example that has been set in support of constitutional government and the pursuit of peace, harmony and prosperity for the people of these islands, Commonwealth countries and provinces around the world. The new king formally agreed to a series of orders – including one declaring his mother’s funeral a public holiday.
From the palace balcony
Later, from the Announcement, a balcony overlooking Freire’s Courtyard at St James’s Palace, Chief Petty Officer David White, and others in the garb of royal ceremonies, recited the main statement, as the trumpets sounded. The inaugural statement will be publicly read in other capitals of the United Kingdom – Edinburgh in Scotland, Belfast in Northern Ireland, Cardiff in Wales – and in other locations as well. The artillery of the announcement of the new king was fired across Britain, including the 41st artillery fired at London Bridge during the announcement ceremony. . After Parliament declares allegiance to the new king and offers its condolences on the death of the queen, the new king receives the prime minister and key cabinet ministers.
Ottawa in the footsteps of London
After the enthronement ceremony in London, Canada proclaimed Charles its king in a solemn ceremony in Ottawa at the official residence of the Governor-General. Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and Governor-General Mary Simon signed the inauguration announcement after a cabinet meeting. The trumpets were sounded, indicating that the concerned official recited the council’s statement to inaugurate the new king to the public in both English and French, ending with the phrase “Long live the King!” The ceremony concluded with a 21-gun salute and playing by the Armed Forces Band.
Waiting for the coronation
Charles will be crowned king at a later date that is not yet clear. The coronation of the king is not usually done immediately after the death of his predecessor, out of respect for the period of mourning and to allow time for the organization of the ceremony. Elizabeth II, who became queen on February 6, 1952, the day her father died, was crowned 15 months later on June 2, 1953, in the presence of more than eight thousand people at Westminster Abbey.
The coronation ceremony is held in Westminster Abbey and is presided over by the Archbishop of Canterbury, the first religious figure in the Anglican Church and the second in its presidency after the British monarch. The Archbishop of Canterbury first introduces the new king to an audience that cheers him on. Thereafter, the king takes the oath of coronation (the Coronation Oath Act) which was drafted in 1688. Under this oath he solemnly pledges to govern his people according to the laws passed by Parliament and to enforce law and justice “with compassion” and “do all that is possible” in order to preserve The Anglican and Protestant Church.
Archbishops of Canterbury
He then anoints the Bishops of Canterbury with holy oil and blesses the King, seated on King Edward’s throne, the throne made in the 1300s and used in every coronation since 1626. The king finally receives the royal gestures, especially the sceptre and then the crown, which the Archbishop of Canterbury wears on his head. He is honored by members of the royal family and then a Communion ceremony is celebrated. Unless a different decision is made, if the new king is a man, his wife is proclaimed queen and crowned in a similar but simplified ceremony.
At the coronation of Charles III, his wife Camilla may not become queen but only the “king’s consort” because she is not the king’s first wife.
British monarchy expert Bob Morris said the 73-year-old would likely prefer a “faster and smaller coronation”. After the coronation ceremony, a large procession crosses the streets of London. Although the distance between Westminster Abbey and Buckingham Palace is less than one and a half kilometres, the procession stretched for 7.2 kilometers in 1953 to allow the largest number of Britons to attend.
London morning papers
Pictures of Charles occupied British newspapers on Saturday. “The Times” headlined “God Save the King” with a picture of Charles bowing his head as if he was praying. Other newspapers cited a sentence of the new king. The title of “The Independent”, “The Guardian” and the Financial Times read, “I will make sure to serve with honesty, respect and love.” As for the popular “The Sun”, it chose a picture of Charles showing him behind his mother, accompanied by the title “To my beloved mother, thank you.”
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